What are the different types of diabetes?

There is often confusion between MODY and Type 1 Diabetes as both are found to affect young people or children. Type 1 Diabetes is diagnosed in those suffering from MODY leading to misdiagnosis

One, dubbed severe insulin-deficient diabetes, shows similar features to the autoimmune group such as relatively low body mass index (BMI), lack of insulin and early onset, but did not have telltale antibodies indicating an autoimmune disease. But a new study suggests that there may actually be five different types of the disease-some of which may be more unsafe than others.

Around a fifth of all participants were classified in cluster 4.

At present, around 400 million people globally are living with the disease, making it one of the biggest health issues facing modern medicine. Groop said the existing guidelines can not differentiate between patients who will need intensified treatment and those who will not.

New Brunswick is giving more attention to diabetes prevention and care by increasing the age limit to avail funding for diabetes-related supplies like insulin pumps.

They noted this method of clustering diabetes type could be easily applied to patients in clinic and trials alike.

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The study, by Lund University Diabetes Center in Sweden and the Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland, took a gander at 14,775 patients including a point by point investigation of their blood. This condition occurs because the body's immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. Last night, research bodies welcomed the new study, but stressed more examination of the drug's effects was still needed. Researchers replicated the findings in three further independent cohorts: the Scania Diabetes Registry (n = 1,466), All New Diabetics in Uppsala (n = 844) and Diabetes Registry Vaasa (n = 3,485).

Diabetes classification has been typically restricted to three types until now - types 1 and 2 and gestational diabetes.

Diabetes is now divided into type 1 diabetes (approximately 10%), type 2 diabetes (85-90%) and several less common diseases like latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA), maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY) and secondary diabetes.

Severe insulin-deficient diabetes (SIDD): GADA-negative but otherwise similar to SAID.

Mild diabetes related to obesity mainly observed in people who were very overweight, but closer to the norm than those in cluster 3 in terms of their metabolic system. Identified in 22% of the people in ANDIS.

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This final cluster sees patients who developed diabetes at significantly older ages than other groups, with the condition taking a milder form in this case. "By contrast with previous attempts to dissect the heterogeneity of diabetes, we used variables reflective of key aspects of diabetes that are monitored in patients".

In contrast, people can live with type 2 diabetes for years without realising it, but the condition can be reversed by adopting a more healthy lifestyle, and losing weight.

The findings could help doctors provide diabetes patients with tailored treatment programs - also called "precision medicine" - and help explain why some patients respond to medications differently.

However, experts believe that changes to diabetes treatment may not be available anytime soon. He mentioned a caveat saying that this study cohort was a uniform Scandinavian population and thus all races and ethnicities were not adequately represented.

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